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KV #19905-9705 PR dated 02.04.2013.

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KHARKIV NATIONAL ECONOMIC UNIVERSITY, UKRAINE

RESEARCH CENTRE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS of NAS (KHARKIV, UKRAINE)

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Economics of Housing and Communal Services

BUSINESS INFORM №5-2021

Andrenko O. A., Gavrylychenko I. V.
The Theoretical and Methodological Principles of the Formation of a Mechanism of Financial Monitoring of Housing and Communal Enterprises (p. 266 - 272)

The article carries out a study of theoretical and methodological principles of the formation of a universal and effective mechanism of financial monitoring, the main direction of which is towards increasing the efficiency of functioning of housing and communal enterprises of Ukraine. It is identified that in the conditions of the financial and economic crisis, the problems of adapting the activities of housing and communal enterprises to changes in the socio-economic situation in the country, which is the most important factor of their sustainable development, are becoming especially significant. Scientific opinions on the definition of the category of «financial monitoring» are generalized. The authors’ own closer definition of this concept is presented. The category of «financial monitoring» is examined from the viewpoint of three approaches: process, managerial, and structural. An improved mechanism of financial monitoring of housing and communal enterprises is formed, which is represented by a set of instruments, means and methods of organizing activities for the regular collection of actual information on controlled indicators, its analysis, development of recommendations for making managerial decisions with the subsequent evaluation of their efficiency, as well as forecasting further dynamics. It is proved that the problems analyzed in the article, which can become a threat to the effective functioning of the formed mechanism, can be solved by the creation of a single financial monitoring service within the financial and economic unit of housing and communal enterprises. The implementation of the principles of this service will create motivation to increase the number of monitoring participants by establishing stable feedback between housing and communal enterprises and relevant monitoring services.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2021

Kyzym M. O., Kotliarov Y. I., Khaustova V. Y.
Analyzing the Tendencies in the Development of Centralized Heat Supply in Ukraine (p. 68 - 81)

The article is aimed at defining the main tendencies in the development of centralized heat supply in Ukraine. Objective prerequisites for the use of centralized heating sources, as well as levels of development of heat supply systems of settlements are identified. It is determined that the development of heat supply systems largely depends on climatic conditions and the climatic characteristics of certain cities of Ukraine are considered. The main stages of construction of district heating systems in localities of Ukraine are formed. Types of heat supply of cities of Ukraine are identified. The genesis of development of heat generation and heat supply processes in Ukraine is researched. The peculiarities of formation of the national legislative framework for regulation of issues on production and consumption of heat energy are analyzed. The provisions of the Concept for the implementation of the State policy in the sphere of heat supply are analyzed. Based on the carried out analysis, it is determined the following: firstly, the imbalance of financial capabilities and needs for financing investment projects of heat supplying enterprises, as well as a shortage of investment resources, which requires careful substantiation of investment programs, directions and order of modernization and reconstruction of available capacities; secondly, shifting the focus to the powers of local authorities (through decentralization of public administration), which received broad powers to license and set tariffs for heat energy, but at the same time received a wider range of obligations to maintain heat supply systems in working condition; thirdly, the lack of medium- and long-term planning for the development of heat supply systems in localities, which largely explains the current state of the heat supply sector. It is substantiated that such features of the current state of heat supply in Ukraine require the development of new approaches to planning and implementation of works on organizational-technological modernization of heat supply in conditions of limited financial resources.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2021

Kyzym M. O., Kotliarov Y. I., Khaustova V. Y.
Analyzing the Centralized Heat Provision of Large Localities in Ukraine and Countries of the World (p. 96 - 107)

The presented research is aimed at defining the features of organizing the centralized heat provision of large localities in Ukraine and countries of the world. Within the terms of the set aim, the article considers the characteristics of the main heat supply organizations of large cities of Ukraine, the major regional and municipal programs that are effective in them, and the characteristic features of heat supply; the main problems of centralized heat supply in these localities. It is noted that Ukraine displays one of the world’s highest saturation of cities with heat networks: the total length of heat pipelines is approximately 47 thousand km in terms of two-pipe calculation. The share of centralized heating in the total structure of heat supply in Ukraine comprises about 42%. The centralized heat supply system is provided for approximately 60% of the total area, hot water supply – more than 40% of the total area of the country’s housing stock. On the basis of consideration of heat supply systems in several large cities of Ukraine, the general features of their district heating systems are identified. The experience of building a heat supply system in separated countries of the world (Russia, China, Denmark, Finland, USA, Canada, etc.) is analyzed. The scale of district heating systems in the researched world countries is considered. Modern trends in the development of district heating systems in Europe are studied and differences between Ukrainian district heating systems, including in terms of powers of local authorities in the field of heat supply, are determined. It is specified that local authorities in Ukraine are practically deprived of powers to regulate the development of CHP plants and capacities operating on renewable energy sources, which in developed countries is a priority for the development of centralized heat supply.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2022

Bubenko P. T., Bubenko O. P.
The Innovative Component of Reforming the Housing and Communal Services Enterprises (p. 267 - 273)

The article states that the systemic modernization and innovative development of enterprises in the field of housing and communal services is an integral part of the reform of the entire socioeconomic complex of the country, which has an extensive structure of the constituent elements, and in the reform process are involved mainly technical, technological, organizational and economic factors of influence. The conceptual apparatus of modernization processes and further innovative development is improved, in particular, the definition of the concept of «systemic modernization», which allows to include in its composition the structure, processes and the very conditions of qualitative transformations of housing and communal services enterprises. The scientific components of the systemic idea of housing and communal services as an object of reform, which has an economic and spatial organization, is characterized by a stable market of consumers, the closed production cycle and close ties with the territorial infrastructure, which, in turn, creates prerequisites for the formation of an integrated mechanism for the cluster interaction of sub-sectors of housing and communal services in the model of the national innovation system. It is proved that the monopoly form of production, which is inherent in most enterprises in the housing and communal services sector, is a phenomenon with significant contradictions that are formed in society, in the market and in the innovation sphere. These contradictions can be resolved only in two ways – by the governmental regulation of the activities of a natural monopoly or by the development of market relations and competition. Therefore, the system of the governmental regulation of natural monopolies requires significant improvement. The renewal of theoretical views does not dispose real monopolies. And as long as they really exist, the task of governmental regulation of the natural monopoly remains relevant, and also extremely difficult. It consists in stimulating enterprises to produce a larger volume of products with lower costs, while refusing (full or partial) from establishing monopoly prices and monopoly status. On the other hand, the State supports the trends in the development of a competitive environment. Thus, it is concluded that governmental regulation, on the one hand, and the introduction of competitive conditions for the management of housing and communal services enterprises on the other hand, are an urgent requirement of time, and this should take place in various forms and on the basis of a systemic scientific analysis of socioeconomic factors of the usefulness of services for the population.

Article is written in Ukrainan


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